Microwaves are actually a segment of the electromagnetic wave spectrum,
which comprises forms of energy that move through space, generated by the
interaction of electric and magnetic fields. The spectrum is commonly
broken into subgroups determined by the different wavelengths (or
frequencies) and emission, transmission, and absorption behaviors of
various types of waves. From longest to shortest wavelengths, the spectrum
includes electric and radio waves, microwaves, infrared (heat) radiation,
visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays, gamma rays, and
electromagnetic cosmic rays. Microwaves have frequencies between
approximately .11 and 1.2 inches (0.3 and 30 centimeters).

Microwaves themselves are used in many different applications such as
telecommunication products, radar detectors, wood curing and drying, and
medical treatment of certain diseases. However, certain of their
properties render them ideal for cooking, by far the most common use of
microwave energy. Microwaves can pass through plastic, glass, and paper
materials; metal surfaces reflect them,

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As the second wave of COVID-19 has struck with a devastating impact throughout the country, with cases rising continuously, there is an urgent need to ramp up the production of Covaxin and Covishield through voluntary licensing, said Sanjay Aggarwal, President, PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry, in a press statement.

Voluntary Licensing refers to the authorisation given by the patent holder to a third party to manufacture and sell the patented product on the basis of mutually agreed terms.

The second wave of COVID-19 pandemic is spreading faster than the first wave and affecting almost every household in India. At this critical juncture there is a need to urgently provide licensing of production of Covaxin, Covishield and Sputnik, said Aggarwal.

He stated that compulsory licensing is another way of granting a license by the Government to a third party to use the patent, however, this may not be

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Titanium is known as a transition metal on the periodic table of elements
denoted by the symbol Ti. It is a lightweight, silver-gray material with
an atomic number of 22 and an atomic weight of 47.90. It has a density of
4510 kg/m


, which is somewhere between the densities of aluminum and stainless
steel. It has a melting point of roughly 3,032°F (1,667°C) and a
boiling point of 5,948°F (3,287 C). It behaves chemically similar to
zirconium and silicon. It has excellent corrosion resistance and a high
strength to weight ratio.

Titanium is the fourth most abundant metal making up about 0.62% of the
earth’s crust. Rarely found in its pure form, titanium typically
exists in minerals such as anatase, brookite, ilmenite, leucoxene,
perovskite, rutile, and sphene. While titanium is relatively abundant, it
continues to be expensive because it is difficult to isolate. The leading
producers of

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Pretzels are a snack food, which have unique shapes and a hard, shiny
outer surface. They are mass produced using primarily automated machinery.
First developed in the seventh century, pretzels have been called one of
the world’s oldest snack food. A recent market survey found that
the pretzel market in the United States is about $560 million a year with
over 300 million lb (136.2 million kg) of pretzels and pretzel products
being produced. The pretzel market has grown in recent years because
pretzels are considered a more healthy, fat-free snack.

The unique, two looped, knot shape of a pretzel is one of its defining
characteristics. The typical pretzel has a pleasant cracker-like flavor, a
crisp, brittle texture and a brown glossy surface color. Salt crystals are
often sprinkled on its surface to make them taste more appealing. Pretzels
have a moisture content of anywhere from 2-4% and therefore

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EUCLID, Ohio, May 20, 2021 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) — The US Lighting Group, Inc. (OTC:USLG) announced today that the company intends to form a new division, RVtronix, to design, manufacture, and distribute RV Electronics  and fiberglass products to the RV Industry. The formation of the new division, RVtronix, comes on the heels of the sale of Intellitronix, a manufacturer of automotive aftermarket gauges.

“The US Lighting Group is excited to announce another phase of its 2021 Strategic Business Plan to utilize our electronics know how and expertise to expand our growth potential into the much larger RV market. By forming RVtronix, we intend to file for US and International patents and release a line of RV AC/DC power center with an integrated energy management load shedder system for recreational vehicles. It’s the ultimate system for preserving power and balancing appliance usage with resource management. We have many other electronic products that

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Air-compressor manufacturer Elgi Equipments has increased the capacity to manufacture compressors for specific models of oxygen generation plants.

Jairam Varadaraj, managing director of Elgi Equipments, informed the media that the company had increased its capacity almost threefold for specific models that were in demand in the oxygen sector.

“We are diverting our capacities that are there for other products to this sector now,” said Mr. Varadaraj.

“We are reaching out to customers and talking to them and taking their concurrence. So, it is a comprehensive approach,” he added. “We continue our support to our subsidiaries because we cannot compromise on deliveries in the international market because of the demand for oxygen in India.” The company expects 10%-15 % of its revenue for this quarter from the oxygen sector.

“We are not looking at oxygen as a business opportunity. We are looking at it as a social responsibility,” Mr. Varadaraj asserted.

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May 12, 2021 00:09 IST

New Delhi [India], May 12 (ANI): Delhi Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal on Tuesday wrote to Prime Minister Narendra Modi, requesting to allow other companies with “capabilities”, to manufacture the two COVID-19 vaccines–Covaxin and Covishield–being already produced in India.
Kejriwal said the Union government can “do away” with vaccine production monopoly using the patent law.
“The second wave of COVID-19 is proving very fatal. This time the disease has reached the village. A large number of people are also dying. It is, therefore, important that all the citizens of the country are given two doses of vaccine at the earliest. Currently, only two companies in India are producing vaccines. It will not be possible to vaccinate the entire county on the basis of two companies. For this, the vaccine will have to be produced on a war footing,” the letter from Kejriwal read.

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President Cyril Ramaphosa.

  • President Cyril Ramaphosa believes Africa needs to ensure its ability to produce vaccines.
  • He was speaking in a conference on vaccine production.
  • African countries have been suffering a slow pace of vaccine rollouts.

Africa needs the skills and capacity to manufacture its own vaccines, President Cyril Ramaphosa said on Monday, as the continent lags other global regions in inoculating against Covid-19.

With only around 2% of the world’s total number of shots so far administered, “… Africa needs to harness its own continental capabilities and identify opportunities for collaboration across… countries,” Ramaphosa told a conference on vaccine production organised by the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (Africa CDC).

He said other countries outside the continent, “… could offer technological expertise, financing and investment”, suggesting India and Brazil could help with guidance on how they have developed their own generic pharmaceutical industries.


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Process manufacturing is a production method that creates goods by combining supplies, ingredients or raw materials using a formula or recipe. It is frequently used in industries that produce bulk quantities of goods, such as food, beverages, refined oil, gasoline, pharmaceuticals, chemicals and plastics.

The production process often requires a thermal or chemical conversion, such as with heat, time or pressure. As a result, a product created through process manufacturing cannot be disassembled into its constituent parts. For example, once it is produced, a soft drink cannot be broken down into its separate ingredients.

Process manufacturing relies on the flow of sequential steps, with the completion of one step leading to the start of the next step. Process manufacturers often rely on tracing and scheduling tools and software to maintain peak operational efficiency.

Process manufacturing vs. discrete manufacturing

Process manufacturing is the exact opposite of discrete manufacturing. Whereas process manufacturing

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LAS VEGAS — Topless dancers can shed coronavirus restrictions beginning next weekend in Las Vegas and get face-to-face with patrons again.

But masks still will be required for adult entertainment employees and recommended for customers under rules accepted Thursday by a state pandemic task force.

Sin City strip clubs that went dark when Gov. Steve Sisolak ordered casinos, clubs and nonessential businesses closed more than a year ago can reopen May 1 at 80% of under strict social distancing guidelines.

The rules will allow strip club entertainers to get closer than 3 feet to patrons if the entertainer has received at least a first dose of a coronavirus vaccine at least 14 days earlier or if the dancer tests negative in a weekly virus test.



— COVID-19 hospitalizations tumble among US senior citizens

— AP explains why India is shattering global infection records

— German ‘emergency

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