The East-Indian and Chinese markets, the colonisation of America, trade with the colonies, the increase in the means of exchange and in commodities generally, gave to commerce, to navigation, to industry, an impulse
“If you waste your time in profitless amusement, you cannot, of course, expect to share the rewards of industry.”
And then there was the condemned meat industry, with its endless horrors.
Helicon, comes a general exhortation to industry. It begins with the allegory of the two Strifes, who stand for wholesome Emulation and Quarrelsomeness respectively.
Pity, the obliging hand, the warm heart, patience, industry, and humility–these are unquestionably the qualities we shall here find flooded with the light of approval and admiration; because they are the most USEFUL qualities–; they make life endurable, they are of assistance in the “struggle for existence” which is the motive force behind the people practising this morality.
By multipying the means of gratification, by promoting the introduction and circulation of the precious metals, those darling objects of human avarice and enterprise, it serves to vivify and invigorate the channels of industry, and to make them flow with greater activity and copiousness.
He had worked very hard, it would be too cruel if all that industry were futile.
Nobility of birth commonly abateth industry; and he that is not industrious, envieth him that is.
“Those three men,” said he, “have carried into space all the resources of art, science, and industry. With that, one can do anything; and you will see that, some day, they will come out all right.”
All this industry was, however, manifestly without an object.
But the writer of the article in question goes on to point out, with insight and justice, that for a great number of people (20,000, I think he says) it is a means of livelihood – that it is, in his own words, an industry. Now, the moral side of an industry, productive or unproductive, the redeeming and ideal aspect of this bread-winning, is the attainment and preservation of the highest possible skill on the part of the craftsmen.
The great captains of industry, the oligarchs, had for the first time thrown their full weight into the breach the struggling employers’ associations had made.