This method only applies to ethanol. You can’t make any other alcohol this way.

The process

The starting material for the process varies widely, but will normally be some form of starchy plant material such as maize (US: corn), wheat, barley or potatoes.

Starch is a complex carbohydrate, and other carbohydrates can also be used – for example, in the lab sucrose (sugar) is normally used to produce ethanol. Industrially, this wouldn’t make sense. It would be silly to refine sugar if all you were going to use it for was fermentation. There is no reason why you shouldn’t start from the original sugar cane, though.

The first step is to break complex carbohydrates into simpler ones.

For example, if you were starting from starch in grains like wheat or barley, the grain is heated with hot water to extract the starch and then warmed with malt. Malt is germinated

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Drinking spots are still shut

South Africa’s tavern and shebeen owners have called for the government to lift the ban on the sale of alcohol in seven days or risk collapsing the sector.

The alcohol industry has been pleading for the government to allow producers and traders to sell alcohol, following the latest trade restriction the government imposed last month. The ban, which followed two other restrictions last year, came after South Africa was hit by a second wave of Covid-19 infections. The government said it had put the ban in place to keep hospital beds ready for pandemic cases and free of alcohol related trauma cases. 

But the industry has been critical of the government’s decision, saying that it was putting jobs and livelihoods at risk and there are better solutions to deal with the infections, such as a stricter curfew and allowing off-site sales to take

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The SABC building in Auckland Park in Johannesburg, South Africa.

  • The SABC has asked for its submission on TV licences and advertising revenue – which it was expected to make at a hearing held by Icasa on Wednesday – to be deferred. 
  • However, it does want an inquiry into the matter. 
  • The public broadcaster brought forward a list of other submissions intended to make it more sustainable. 

The South African Broadcasting Corporation will defer its submission on advertising revenue and TV licence collection, which it was expected to make at a hearing held by the Independent Communications Authority of SA, it said on Wednesday. 

Icasa is holding public hearings (12 – 15 January 2021) regarding the draft findings document on the Inquiry into Subscription Television Broadcasting Services. This is part of its investigation into competition in the pay-TV sector. 

On Wednesday, the national broadcaster appeared at the hearing

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Beer bottles filling on the conveyor belt in the brewery factory.

  • South Africa’s alcohol industry employs more than 415 000 people.
  • Distell said it had reduced the number of its contract workers to 326, from 536, in January last year.
  • The country’s biggest beer maker, SAB, announced that it had suspended 550 temporary contract workers.

Liquor producers and companies along the value chain are beginning to reel under the effects of the ongoing alcohol sale ban, with some forecasting further cuts to already reduced number of contract workers, and others factoring in the possibility of retrenchments or preparing to turn off their taps for good. 

The third government-imposed ban on the sale of alcohol in December was implemented to keep hospital beds free of liquor-related trauma cases, but the move has come at a hefty cost for an industry that employs more than 415 000 people.

On Monday, Savanna

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The alcohol industry has asked for its excise tax to be deferred

  • Alcohol producers and traders have called for Covid-19 restrictions to be eased and for liquor trading to be allowed for off-site consumption, but at present face a blanket ban.
  • The latest request is the second from the industry, which applied for a deferment during the country’s second alcohol sales ban last year.
  • Alcohol producers and traders pay SARS about R2.5 billion a month in excise tax for imported and local products but the ban means that companies will have to pay excise tax for products that are sitting in their warehouses and can’t be sold due to the ban.

South Africa’s alcohol industry has asked for another deferment of its excise tax payment until the latest sales alcohol ban is lifted.

The industry’s request comes after President Cyril Ramaphosa’s Monday night announcement that the ban on the

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TipRanks

2 “Strong Buy” Penny Stocks That Could Rally Over 100%

Bank of America has a strong reputation for keeping finger on the pulse of the financial world – and one of its key tools is the Global Fund Manager Survey, conducted monthly and seeking opinions from more than 200 hedge fund, mutual fund, and pension fund managers who hold a combined $645 billion in AUM. It’s the largest regularly conducted survey of its kind. And BofA most recent findings show that Big Money is feeling confident. More than 90% of investors surveyed believe that 2021 will show a significant recovery from 2020, that asset allocations to stocks and commodities are at their highest in 10 years, and there’s a general belief that global growth is at an all-time high. So, there is a general consensus that now is the time to invest. The only remaining question is, invest in

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TipRanks

2 “Strong Buy” Penny Stocks That Could Rally Over 100%

Bank of America has a strong reputation for keeping finger on the pulse of the financial world – and one of its key tools is the Global Fund Manager Survey, conducted monthly and seeking opinions from more than 200 hedge fund, mutual fund, and pension fund managers who hold a combined $645 billion in AUM. It’s the largest regularly conducted survey of its kind. And BofA most recent findings show that Big Money is feeling confident. More than 90% of investors surveyed believe that 2021 will show a significant recovery from 2020, that asset allocations to stocks and commodities are at their highest in 10 years, and there’s a general belief that global growth is at an all-time high. So, there is a general consensus that now is the time to invest. The only remaining question is, invest in

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If its flexible pouches or flexible film, we at Clifton Packaging can offer everything from manufacturing to pre-made packaging, plain film to printed film, contract packing.

Clifton Packaging Group Ltd.

Clifton Packaging Group Ltd was established in 1981 and is a privately owned family business. We specialise in manufacture of packaging, packing machinery and contract packing predominantly in the food sector. We are able to offer the complete packaging solution all under one roof to meet your demands.
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